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The Amazon Rainforest is called the lungs of our planet because it cleanses our air of carbon dioxide and provides an estimated 20% of the Earth’s oxygen.
There are more species of fish in the Amazon River than in the entire Atlantic Ocean.
2.5 Acres of rainforest can typically have 750 different species of trees and over 1500 different species of plants.
Rain forest plants are rich in secondary metabolites, particularly alkaloids. Biochemists believe alkaloids protect plants from disease and insect attacks. Many alkaloids from higher plants have proven to be of medicinal value and benefit.
The U.S. National Cancer Institute has identified 3000 plants that are active against cancer cells. 70% of these plants are found in the Rainforest. Twenty-five percent of the active ingredients in today’s cancer-fighting drugs come from plants and animals found only in the Rainforest.
Scientists estimate that we have only sufficiently studied 1% of the plants and animals native to the rainforest.
In 1983, there were no U.S. pharmaceutical manufacturers involved in research programs to discover new drugs of cures from plants. today, over 100 pharmaceutical companies and several branches of the US government. including giants like Merck and The National Cancer Institute, ate engaged in plant research projects for possible drugs and cures for viruses, infections, cancer, and even AIDS.
Each and every year, an estimated 50,000 species of plants, trees, animal, and insects go extinct due to deforestation of our rainforests.
We lose 78 million acres of rainforest each year due to deforestation.
Rainforests once covered 14% of the earth’s land surface; now they cover a mere 6%, and experts estimate that the last remaining rainforests could be consumed in less than 40- 50 years.